gray wolf

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Evaluating Aspen Responses to Changes in Elk Abundance, Distribution and Behavior Following Wolf Reestablishment in West-Central Yellowstone National Park

The reintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone National Park created a unique “natural experiment” to study trophic interaction...

Good Animals in Bad Places: Evaluating Landscape Attributes Associated with Elk Vulnerability to Wolf Predation

Vulnerability of prey to predators is heavily influenced by their respective physical and behavioral characteristics; however th...

Combining Hunter Surveys and Territorial Dynamics to Monitor Wolf Pack Abundance and Distribution in Montana

Carnivores are difficult to monitor on large spatial scales. We developed a patch occupancy model (POM) using hunter surveys to ...