Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area: A Multi-State Issue with Varying Management Paradigms Influencing Management and Possible Eradication of the Disease in Wildlife

Volume 16, No. 4, Montana Chapter of the Wildlife Society (TWS) - Presentation Abstract

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Biology, Montana, Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Yellowstone national park, brucellosis, elk, disease, bison, american bison, Disease & medical conditions, Cattle, brucella, infectious disease, eradication, disease wildlife, yellowstone area, greater yellowstone, disease cattle, greater yellowstone area, management eradication disease wildlife

Scientific Disciplines

Biological Sciences - Terrestrial

Abstract Text

Brucellosis, caused by the bacteria Brucella abortus, is an infectious disease of cattle, bison (Bison bison) and elk (Cervus elephus). The Greater Yellowstone Area (GYA) is the last known reservoir of the disease in the lower 48 states. Recent cases of the disease in cattle herds of Idaho, Montana and Wyoming have been attributed to exposure from wild elk and have brought increased focus on management and eradication of the disease from wildlife populations. Elk management programs within the three states of Idaho, Montana and Wyoming differ in response to the disease. Efforts to manage the disease within the GYA are greatly influence by management actions taken within individual states. The differing management actions and the potential influence on brucellosis management and possible eradication are discussed.